The apple is possibly the most consumed fruit in the world. According to Variety, have shapes, colors, textures, smells and tastes very different. The size ranges from 6 to 9 mm and the conical shape may be more or less rounded. At the heart lie the seeds of apples, brown or dark brown. The skin is, in almost all varieties, smooth bright golden yellow, red, green and two-color combination. The flavors are more or less acidic or sweet and the flesh can be juicy or slightly mealy.
Family: fruit seed.
Scientific Family: Rosaceae.
Varieties: Early One Red, Fuji, Golden (Golden Delicious, Golden Supreme), Granny Smith (Early Smith), Red Chief, Royal Gala (Mondial Gala), Pippin (Pippin gray of Canada, Canadian white Pippin), Green maid Starkimson, Top Red Delicious.
Nutritional value: 52 calories per 100 grams.
Grams per serving: 150 to 200 grams (one medium piece).
Features / Benefits: The apple has always been a very popular fruit. It is therefore considered one of the most complete fruit from the nutritional point of view. The apple contains lots of minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, etc. ., and their major vitamins are: A, B and C. The active block the salivary gland secretion and gastric and this facilitates digestion. In addition, its high content in cellulose stimulates the functioning of the intestines and, therefore, is very beneficial for constipation, especially at night, unpeeled, a time consuming manner that is highly beneficial to combat. The high phosphorus content of the fruit strengthens the nervous system, stimulates the brain work and predisposes to quiet sleep. An apple every morning before breakfast meal is an excellent cleanser and after meals is the best natural toothpaste, but we must not stop brushing our teeth after eating. The block is characterized by its high content pectin, which helps the body remove cholesterol from the blood. It also helps dispose of hazardous metals such as mercury and lead, deposited in our body through the air pollution in many cities.
Season: July to November (outdoor), from December to June (kept in cold storage).
Production areas: The apple is grown almost everywhere in the world, but the main producing countries are Russia, China, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Turkey, Iran and Argentina.
Plant Name: Apple
Trivia: The apple is believed native to Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Its cultivation spread from the ancient continent of Asia, Europe and Africa. The Spanish brought this tree in America, and today is grown in temperate zones worldwide. The ointment dosage form known as an outgrowth of healing ointments prepared from apples and oil. The skin of apples can be used to add to the infusions. Also, if left sun-dry the skin and then placed inside a cloth bag, can be used to scent closets and drawers.
Preparation and consumption: The apple is consumed mainly as fresh fruit, being considered as one of the most complete fruit. Apples have been eating when fully ripe, chewing slowly. Most of the apple vitamins, especially C, are located right under the skin. It is therefore advisable to eat unpeeled, provided that it is very clean. In fresh table fruit well also used to prepare salads or salads, and also have excellent qualities to be cooked in the form of purees, sauces, desserts, cakes, jams, stewed or baked in the oven. Nor can we forget the beverages derived from the block as wine, cider or spirits. Almost everyone can and should eat, since by their poverty into sugar is allowed even the diabetics.